The Dalmatian is a race that has been present in the animal world since ancient history. There are records of this species in frescoes and Croatian paintings of the seventeenth century, hence its origin is conferred to the Dalmatia region in Croatia. Even with those references, there are also those who think that these dogs have older origins in other latitudes.
The truth is that when you run into a dalmatian, be it a puppy or an adult, it is inevitable not to be hypnotized by that spotted fur and the arrogance of his personality. Not surprisingly, this breed has been used as a guard and companion dog.
They were baptized as ‘coach dogs’ by the British aristocracy when the English nobles held their power by having these canines accompany them on their car trips. It is said that its initial function was to keep the stray dogs away from the horses and at the same time bring elegance to the caravan.
That function continued through the years despite the disappearance of horse-drawn cars, especially when they began to escort fire trucks, a tradition that is still preserved in some countries of the world, only now the dogs travel inside from the truck.
Characteristic features of the Dalmatian
Its main characteristic is obvious, which is due to its peculiar mottled fur in black or brown. However, Dalmatians at birth lack this unique feature: spots appear during the first year of life.
The Dalmatian’s eyes and nose are usually the same color as the spots on his body. The saber-shaped tail gives it, to a large extent, the elegance that distinguishes them from the rest. The hair is short and shiny when it overflows with health.
The Dalmatian has a friendly personality even with strangers and other canines. It is unusual to find some kind of aggressiveness for no reason in these dogs. In fact, they have a serene nature if they are given the appropriate dose of training or exercise they require.
This canine breed behaves respectfully towards children and even acts as caregivers, although they are not stoically supported by ear or tail pulls. For this reason, it is sensible to teach children the appropriate way to treat the dog, in order to make the dog reach a tolerant and relaxed character.
Some health problems of Dalmatians
This lineage is prone to a significant amount of diseases due to the high consanguinity of the breed. Their popularity increased with the 101 Dalmatians movie, which encouraged the indiscriminate breeding of these dogs to meet demand.
It is said that Dalmatian dogs have a high genetic predisposition to develop deafness problems. This condition arises in approximately 10% of the offspring and occurs partially or totally. This problem is not something that occurs with the age of the dog, because they may be born deaf or not.
They are also prone to kidney stone formation, as their metabolism causes them to excrete uric acid in the urine, especially male dalmatians. Special attention should be given to this condition, as some cases are mild, but others may compromise the life of our pet.
Other common diseases in this breed are allergic and atopic dermatitis, as well as other skin disorders such as irritations that are evident when observing the dog’s fur. Fortunately, most of these diseases are easy to treat and with the necessary care, they will not have major consequences.
The perfect owner
The Dalmatian’s active personality makes him a dog that enjoys life outdoors and with a good dose of activity. For this reason, these dogs are recommended for young people who love exercise, to include the Dalmatian in their routines so that he can release the energy he carries with him.
This lineage is playful and you’ll always see them in constant motion, so if you don’t have enough space at home you should take it out at least a couple of times a day. As explained, this breed is very sociable, so it thanks to playing with other dogs along with the walks with its owner.